Santhal, Kalighat, Patachitra and Madhubani Paintings
In a nation that comprises 35 states, each distinct cultural and traditional identity is displayed in the folk art of the region. Each tribe also carries along with its traditions, art forms that are unique to them known as tribal art. The state of West Bengal was one of the first in the move towards recognizing and reviving its folk and tribal art traditions. In fact, not one, but several forms of folk art originate from the Eastern region of India comprising West Bengal, Orissa and Bihar.
This collection features ancient art forms like Madhubani paintings and Patachitra paintings. While Madhubani paintings, also known as Mithila paintings, trace their origins back to the times of the Ramayana, Patachitra paintings are believed to be one of the earliest indigenous paintings in the state of Orissa. Featured also are Santhal Tribal Paintings, made by the third largest tribe in India and the Kalighat style of paintings which originated in the market places of Kolkata in the 19th century.