India's history of clothing goes back to the Indus Valley Civilisation where cotton was spun, woven and dyed. A variety of weaving and dyeing techniques were employed in ancient India, many of which survive to the present day, each region having developed its distinct style and methods.
"The Indians use linen clothing, made from the flax taken from the trees. And this flax is either whiter in colour than any other flax, or the people being black make the flax appear whiter. They have a linen frock reaching down halfway between the knee and the ankle, and a garment which is partly thrown round the shoulders and partly rolled round the head. They wear shoes of white leather, elaborately worked, and the soles of their shoes are many-coloured and raised high, in order that they may appear taller." - Greek historian Arrian (Around 100AD)